There are a lot of questions about Fracking and various rights to land, above and below the ground, please see below our related blogs
‘Fracking’ and our statutory and neutral role
At Land Registry we’ve tried to take some of the heat out of the issue by emphasising the statutory and neutral nature of our role.
We know no more about the likelihood of ‘fracking‘ than anyone else reading the news. We do not have any information about what, if any, minerals may be under any particular area. Nor do we know what minerals any particular claimed rights owner may own or be able to extract.
Mines and minerals
In many parts of England and Wales it is fairly common that one person will own the surface of the land but someone else will own the land below the surface. This land below the surface is usually called ‘mines and minerals’.
A chancel repair liability is the requirement for an owner of land to pay for the repair of the chancel (the part of the church containing the altar and the choir) of an Anglican parish church. Historically the local rector and then the Monasteries owned this land together with the responsibility for paying for the repair of the chancel but when Henry Vlll sold the monasteries’ land, the liability to pay for the repair of the chancel remained with the land sold.
These are rights that were retained by the lord of the manor such as rights to hunt, shoot or fish. They can also include rights relating to mines and minerals.